REPORT: CDC Atobacco Control State Highlights 2010 - New York - Smoking & Tobacco Use
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Thursday, February 24, 2011 | Categories:
In New York, 16.8% of the adult population (aged 18+ years)—over 2,531,000 individuals—are current cigarette smokers. Across all states, the prevalence of cigarette smoking among adults ranges from 9.3% to 26.5%. New York ranks 14th among the states. Current Smoking among Adults by Demographic Characteristics * National median = 18.4% * New York = 16.8% * 65+ years old = 9.6% * 45 to 64 years old = 19.6% * 25 to 44 years old = 18.1% * 18 to 24 years old = 18.3% * More than high school degree = 12.5% * High school degree = 23.6% * Less than high school degree = 28.5% * Male = 17.8% * Female = 16.8% * Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander = data not shown because sample size is less than 50 * American Indian / Alaska Natives = 27.5% * Asian = 10.4% * Hispanic = 17.3% * African American = 18.4% * White = 16.7% Source: BRFSS, 2007 to 2008 Among youth aged 12–17 years, 8.2% smoke in New York. The range across all states is 6.5% to 15.9%. New York ranks 5th among the states. Past Month Cigarette Use among Youths Aged 12 to 17 Years * National Average = 10.1% * In New York, 8.2% of youth aged 12 to 17 years smoked a cigarette in the past month. The range across all states is 6.5% to 15.9%. New York ranks 5th among the states. Source: NSDUH, 2006 - 2007 Among adults aged 35+ years, over 25,400 died as a result of tobacco use per year, on average, during 2000–2004. This represents a smoking-attributable mortality rate of 246.1/100,000. New York's smoking-attributable mortality rate ranks 14th among the states. Smoking Attributable Adult (35+ Years) Mortality * National Average = 248.5 per 100,000 * The average annual smoking-attributable mortality rate in New York for 2000 to 2004 was 246.1 per 100,000. The range across states is 138.3 per 100,000 to 370.6 per 100,000. New York ranks 14th among the states. Source: SAMMEC ----- New York has a smoke-free law that provides for strong protection against exposure to secondhand smoke in workplaces and public places (including restaurants and bars). Among adults who work indoors, the percentage who reported anyone smoking in their work area within the preceding 2 weeks has remained lower in New York than in the nation overall. Currently, New York ranks 18th among the states for workplace exposure, at 6.1%. Adults Who Reported Anyone Smoking in Work Area within Past 2 Weeks * 1999: New York = 9.2%; U.S. = 7.6% * 2002: New York = 6.7%; U.S. = 6.2% * 2006 through 2007: New York = 6.1%; U.S. = 7.6% Source: TUS CPS ----- Best Practices estimates 8% of smokers could access quitlines each year. In New York, 6.0% of smokers called their quitline. Percent of smokers calling quitline * National average = 2.8% * In New York, 6% of smokers called their quitline. New York ranks 9th among the states. The range across states was from less than 1% to 10.9%. Source: TUS CPS, 2006, 2007 The Medicaid fee-for-service program in New York provides only partial coverage for tobacco dependence treatment. New York's Medicaid policy provides coverage for both bupropion and varenicline. New York's Medicaid policy does not provide coverage for individual, group or telephone counseling. Medicaid Coverage for Counseling and Medications * Nicotine Replacement = Partial * Varenicline = Yes * Bupropion = Yes * Counseling = No Source: MMWR 2009, supplement 8, number 43, pages 1199 to 1204 ----- Smoke-free home rules represent awareness of the dangers of secondhand smoke. In New York, as in the nation, an increasing number of families have such a rule. Currently, 75.3% of New York homes have this rule. New York ranks 30th among the states. Households with No Smoking Rules * 1999: U.S. = 60.2%; New York = 58.2% * 2002: U.S. = 66.0%; New York = 63.4% * 2003: U.S. = 72.1%; New York = 70.5% * 2006 through 2007: U.S. = 77.6%; New York = 75.3% Source: TUS CPS Rating point data were available for 42 states and the District of Columbia. Best Practices recommendations translate into an average of 800 targeted rating points (TRPs) in effective youth and 1,200 gross rating points (GRPs) in effective general audience anti-tobacco media campaigns per quarter. New York's major media market(s) aired an average of 395 youth TRPs and 2389 general audience GRPs per quarter in 2008. New York ranks 2nd among the states for the number of youth TRPs and general audience GRPs aired. Antitobacco Media Campaign Intensity, Per Quarter Youth aged 12 to 17 years * National Median = 29 targeted rating points * State average = 395 targeted rating points and ranks 2nd General Audience (18+ years) * National Median = 135 gross rating points * State average = 2389 gross rating points and ranks 2nd Source: CDC/OSH ----- New York allows local regulation of tobacco industry promotions, sampling and display of tobacco products in commercial establishments. State Allows Local Advertising and Promotion Laws * Display = Yes * Promotion = Yes * Sampling = Yes Source: STATE System, 2009 New York requires all establishments selling tobacco products over the counter and by vending machine to be licensed. Currently, 38 states require licensure for both over the counter and vending machine sales. ----- New York maintains a $2.75 per pack tax and ranks 3rd among the states. Amount of Cigarette Excise tax * National average = $1.34 per pack * New York maintains a $2.75 cigarette excise tax and ranks 3rd among the states. As of December 31, 2009, the range across states was $0.07 to $3.46 per pack. Source: STATE System, 2009 New York has a minimum price law. Wholesalers must mark up cigarettes by 3 percent and retailers must mark up cigarettes by at least 7 percent. This law has the effect of limiting the amount of discounting that can be offered through coupons and other types of sales promotions. Approximately 15% of the annual revenue generated from state excise taxes and settlement payments would fund New York's tobacco control program at the Best Practices recommended amount. However, in 2007, New York's funding for tobacco control was 34.8% of the recommended level. New York ranks 16th among the states. State Funding for Tobacco Control * Median state funding: 17.2% of recommended amount. * In 2007, New York's funding for tobacco control was 34.8% of CDC's recommended amount and ranks 16th among the states. * State spending ranged from 1.1% to 85.5% of the recommended amount. Source: CDC/OSHCenter for Disease Control